online dating in rochester new york - Henry mercer dating old houses
The old wrought hinges appear in two common varieties in the houses examined; namely, the so-called H or HL hinge, cut out of heavy sheet iron and fastened against the face of the door with screws or clenched wrought nails, or the strap" or hook and eye hinge; namely, a long strap, bolted, riveted or nailed with clenched nails, against the door and turning on a hook or gudgeon which latter was either spiked into the lintel, or, where the lintel was too thin for spiking, set upon a plate, variously shaped, and sometimes strengthened with a projection or prop called a rattail." While the H and HL hinges (many of which were probably factory-made and imported from England) and nearly all of the strap-hinges, were found plain, a few of the latter, by no means typical and generally over-exhibited in museums, show floriated decorations.
This was made at first by dropping the freshly cut piece, point downward, into a slotted clamp or vise, and then spreading the larger projecting end with a hammer, as in the case of the wrought nail.
Cut nails are easily distinguishable from wrought nails by the following very apparent differences.
• Mercer Museum • Construction Dating Information, especially Hardware, Center for Historic Preservation, Middle Tennessee State University • Nail Chronologies for Historical Archaeologists, David Moyer, RPA, Iowa Office of the State Archaeologist Cut Nails After 1800 Hammer-Headed Cut Nails Stamp-Headed Nails Wrought-Iron Door Hinges Cast-IRon Door Hinges Quirked, Ovolo Door Panels Machine-Made Door Panels Door Latches with Straight Lifts The Norfolk Latch Blake's Cast-Iron Thumb Latch Pointless Wood Screws Sawed Laths Conclusions The following observations are based upon notes taken upon the recent examination of about one hundred and twenty old houses in Bucks county and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, built in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, and it seems probable that the conclusions apply not only to old dwellings in Pennsylvania, but also to those in New York, New England, and the Southern states, where the same builders' material, carpenters' methods, tools and hardware were used during the period in question.
The conclusions are as follows: that old houses may be dated within reasonable limits by the nails used; the hinges; the door panels; the wrought-iron thumb-latches; the Norfolk latches; the cast-iron thumb-latches; the wood-screws; and the sawed laths.
But as these latter continued in use for certain purposes (often for floors) until long after the middle of the nineteenth century, their confused evidence should here be thrown out of consideration.