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However, these dates are quite likely too old, as the material may have been washed into the cave at a later time.
The features of the fragmentary remains that links them to Neanderthals include the dominant buccal cusp of the The site of Vértesszöllos, Hungary, is also not very securely dated.
Today, most researchers follow a multiregional view which has the European Neanderthals interbreeding and being absorbed by invading populations, or to have been marginalized by invading until they died out, leaving no genetic legacy to modern humans. The Neanderthals were a very distinct group from earlier, later, and contemporary populations.
They possessed several traits that have been used either as indicators of Neanderthal ancestry, or as autapomorphic Neanderthal traits. Santa Luca published an extensive study of Neanderthal traits and came to the conclusion that there were four Neanderthal autapomorphies which could be used to distinguish Neanderthals from contemporary sapiens populations.
The traits that make up each group will be discussed, along with this will be descriptions of some specific specimens.